Full Form of EDTA: (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid), Uses, Structure, Acid or Base and Side Effects | CollegeSearch (2023)

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EDTA puni oblik:The full form of EDTA is ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. It is a popular chemical with many names widely used in medicine and industry. Ferdinand Munz first synthesized this chemical in 1935. It is a colorless, crystalline, slightly soluble organic molecule used in biology and inorganic chemistry. It is a chelating agent. It is also something with a claw-like structure that we use to grab and hold other molecules. It is a chemical that binds metal ions containing calcium, magnesium, lead and iron. It is a polyprotic acid that chelates calcium and other metal ions. It consists of four carboxylic acid groups and two amine groups with lone pairs of electrons. In this article, we will examine the full form of EDTA, its structure, properties, uses and importance in various fields.

EDTA in its full form in medicine: EDTA is short for ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid.

It is a synthetic compound belonging to the class of polyaminocarboxylic acids. EDTA is a chelate, which means it can bind to metal ions and form stable complexes.

EDTA full form: definition

EDTA is short for ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and is a synthetic organic compound widely used for its chelating properties. It is a complex molecule with the ability to bind to metal ions and form stable complexes. The term "chelate" comes from the Greek word "chele" meaning "claw" and refers to the way the EDTA structure wraps around the metal ions, resembling a claw-like grip.

EDTA is a hexadentate ligand, meaning it has six sites in its molecule where it can bind to metal ions. These bonds are formed by coordination chemistry, whereby electron pairs in the functional groups of EDTA form bonds with metal ions.

EDTA full form: acid or base

EDTA is a weak acid. EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) has four carboxyl and two amine groups and can act as an electron donor or Lewis base. EDTA is a hexadentate ligand because it can theoretically donate six lone pairs of electrons to metal cations to form coordinate covalent bonds.

The full form of EDTA: structure and properties

EDTA has a complex molecular structure that contributes to its unique properties. Its chemical formula is C10H16N2O8 and consists of four carboxylic acid groups and two amine groups, making it an octadentate ligand. The structure allows EDTA to form strong coordination complexes with metal ions through its lone pairs of electrons.

Key properties of EDTA include:

  • solubility in water:EDTA is highly soluble in water due to its ionic nature and numerous functional groups that can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules.
  • pH sensitivity:The effectiveness of EDTA as a chelating agent depends on the pH of the solution. It shows a greater ability to bind metals in alkaline conditions.
  • Complex stability:EDTA forms very stable complexes with various metal ions, preventing these ions from participating in unwanted reactions.

Puni oblik EDTA: Use of EDTA

EDTA, a prescription drug, enters the body intramuscularly or intravenously. Consequently, several uses can be categorized for both intravenous and intramuscular use:

Intravenous applications:

  1. Treatment of lead poisoning:Intravenous use of EDTA is used to treat brain damage caused by lead poisoning.
  2. Therapeutic supervision:Intravenous administration of EDTA is also used to evaluate the effectiveness of therapy for suspected lead poisoning.
  3. elimination of copper:Intravenous infusion of EDTA helps eliminate excessive accumulation of copper in patients diagnosed with Wilson's disease.
  4. Regulation of calcium levels:EDTA is essential in lowering elevated calcium levels in individuals with hypercalcemia.
  5. Neutralization of radioactive poisons:Intravenous EDTA is used to counteract toxicity from radioactive substances such as plutonium, thorium, strontium, and uranium.
  6. Vascular and heart diseases:Intravenous administration of EDTA is a strategy for the treatment of vascular and cardiac diseases. These include treating irregular heartbeats caused by cardiac glycosides, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, stroke, angina pectoris, high blood cholesterol and circulation problems.
  7. More medical conditions:Intravenous EDTA treatments are expanding to treat a variety of medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, osteoarthritis, macular degeneration, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and skin conditions such as scleroderma and psoriasis.

Other uses:

  1. Treatment of skin irritation:EDTA is used as a treatment for skin irritation caused by metals such as chromium, copper and nickel.
  2. eye health:Some eye drops contain EDTA to help fight calcium build-up in the eye.
  3. food fortification:EDTA is used to fortify cereal-based products such as breakfast cereals and effectively binds iron. It also acts as a food preservative, improving texture, color and taste.
  4. Industrial applications:EDTA contributes to the structural integrity of various pharmaceutical products, liquid soaps, contact lens cleaners, detergents, shampoos, agricultural chemical sprays, and cosmetics during the manufacturing process.
  5. Laborgebrauch:Special blood collection tubes used in medical laboratories contain EDTA for its anticoagulant properties.
  6. muscle application:As a therapeutic approach to lead poisoning and associated brain damage, EDTA is administered intramuscularly.

EDTA full form: side effects

It is an artificial compound widely used in medicine as both an anticoagulant and a chelating agent. Like any medicine, EDTA can cause side effects in some people. The nature of EDTA side effects can be influenced by factors such as dose, frequency of administration, and general health of the individual.

Common side effects of this chemical include:

  • nausea
  • Vomit
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • dizziness
  • hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • hypocalcemia (low level of calcium in the bloodstream)

In addition, there are certain rare side effects associated with EDTA, including:

  • Asthma
  • rash
  • renal dysfunction
  • seizures (epileptic episodes)

It is important to note that the manifestation of these side effects may vary depending on the individual's response to EDTA. Therefore, it is critical that physicians consider these factors when prescribing and administering a supplement.

EDTA full form: Diseases caused

Possible diseases that can be caused by the consumption of EDTA are:

  1. Asthma:Airways in patients with asthma can be narrowed by nebulizer solutions containing the preservative disodium EDTA. The degree of narrowing is determined by the administered dose.
  2. Hypomagnesemia (low level of magnesium in the blood):EDTA has an affinity for binding with magnesium, resulting in increased urinary excretion of magnesium. This increased elimination can potentially lead to dangerously low magnesium levels, especially in people who are already magnesium deficient. If you suffer from this condition, it is advisable to avoid using EDTA.
  3. kidney problems:EDTA can damage the kidneys. High doses of EDTA can lead to serious kidney disease or even kidney failure. Therefore, it is imperative to be cautious and reduce the dose of EDTA in patients with kidney diseases.
  4. Seizures (epilepsy):People with epilepsy or people prone to seizures may be at increased risk of seizures when exposed to EDTA. The compound's ability to lower blood calcium levels may trigger a seizure.
  5. Tuberculosis (TB):Tuberculosis, a bacterial infection of the lungs, can lead to the formation of closed foci of infection in the body. Although these infections lie dormant behind the walls of scar tissue, there is concern that EDTA could potentially bind to calcium in the scar tissue. This binding could weaken the "walls" and allow bacteria to escape. Persons with active tuberculosis or a history of tuberculosis are advised to refrain from using EDTA to reduce potential risks.

EDTA full form: things to remember

  1. Full form:EDTA is an abbreviation for ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid.
  2. Chemical composition:EDTA is a synthetic compound with the chemical formula C10H16N2O8.
  3. Kelatna means:EDTA is a chelating agent, which means it can combine with metal ions to form stable complexes.
  4. Structure:It contains four carboxyl groups and two amine groups, allowing it to function as an electron donor or Lewis base.
  5. coordination: Due to its structure, EDTA is a hexadentate ligand that can donate up to six pairs of electrons to metal cations to form coordinate covalent bonds.
  6. used:EDTA has a wide range of uses, including:
  • Medicine: Used in chelation therapy, treatment of heavy metal poisoning and other medical purposes.
  • Food and Beverage: Used as a preservative to prevent oxidation and spoilage.
  • Industrial Applications: Used in water treatment, detergents and more.
  • Analytical chemistry: Used in complexometric titration to measure metal ion concentrations.
  1. Characteristics:
  • Solubility in water: EDTA is easily soluble in water.
  • Sensitivity to pH: Its chelating ability is affected by the pH of the solution.
  • Complex stability: EDTA forms stable complexes with metal ions.
  1. Importance in research:EDTA's ability to control metal concentrations is crucial in laboratory experiments and ensures accurate results.


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